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Public healthcare systems in developing countries

Unlike developed countries that have maximized on basic healthcare, developing countries still lag behind. This is because most authorities focus on remodeling the institutions and developing alternative sources of funds to sustain them. The poor countries underutilize healthcare interventions thus subjecting affected people to adverse conditions. A study that was carried out in these countries reveals that people are likely to age faster. As a result, the elderly people will become more susceptible to high-risk disability and diseases. Despite this finding, the institutions are not prepared for the outcomes of the prevailing situations.

Chronic diseases

Regarding prevalence, people that are suffering from chronic ailments from half of the world’s healthcare burden. Unfortunately, developing countries are shouldering the burden of taking care of these individuals. This is because these facilities have no alternative measures meant to guide them into providing solutions rather than creating more problems. The result is that these patients end up with more complicated situations that may lead to death.

Shift to Prevention

The aging population is mostly affected by epidemiological shift thus exposing them to premature deaths and other acute conditions. The World Health Organization (WHO) suggests that in the next oncoming years, deaths arising from chronic diseases such as cancer, chest infections, and diabetes will continue to haunt people. This means that increase by 17% is expected. Hopefully, some countries have initiated the idea of primary and secondary prevention initiatives to control the chronic ailments.

They emphasize the need to adopt good lifestyle decisions so that susceptible people can evade these conditions. Prevention is the best alternative since most of these countries lack medicines and other mitigation strategies to manage the problem. As a result, WHO took part in the foundation of Innovative Care for Chronic Conditions Framework in 2002. This initiative was targeting healthcare facilitators since they oversee major operations in their facilities. The forum mainly advocates for preventive healthcare rather than curative means since most institutions lack enough instruments to help them sustain better health.

Primary prevention

This factor relies on the fact that some diseases can be delayed even if the patient is elderly. It is often believed that the elderly people require high-cost long-term treatments to help them alleviate the problems. Even though this notion is true, there is a need to emphasize on preventive healthcare when it comes to chronic ailments at minimal costs.

Tobacco education and control are one of the most important low-cost interventions that have been set up by these initiatives. A third of the population in India is affected by cardiovascular infections because it is the largest producer and consumer of tobacco. In 2002, the government of India enacted a law that was meant to control the use of tobacco.

Secondary prevention

Since primary intervention involves preventing the disease before it erupts, secondary prevention involves the screening and provision of treatments to those that are already affected. It helps whenever there is a high chance that the disease may recur shortly.

Tertiary healthcare

This involves administering of treatments so that the patient can be restored to his/her normal state. WHO reports that only 50% adhere to these treatments. However, through education and outreach programs, caregivers can be guided on how to help these people to manage their cases

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